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Al Mezan’s joint factsheet: Israel’s regime of institutionalised racial domination and oppression over the Palestinian people amounting to apartheid in violation of article 3 of ICERD


Summary of Joint Parallel Report to CERD

  • Article 3 of ICERD enshrines the obligation that “States Parties particularly condemn racial segregation and apartheid and undertake to prevent, prohibit and eradicate all practices of this nature in territories under their jurisdiction.”
  • Nonetheless, Israel has maintained an institutionalised regime of racial domination and oppression over the Palestinian people as a whole, which amounts to apartheid.
  • In 2007 and 2012, CERD found that Israel is in violation of Article 3 of the Convention and urged the State party to take immediate measures to prohibit and eradicate any policies or practices of racial segregation and apartheid.
  • In 2017, UN ESCWA found that Israel’s strategic fragmentation of the Palestinian people constitutes the main tool through which it carries out its apartheid regime.
  • These developments constitute a cumulative recognition of Israel’s creation and maintenance of an apartheid regime over the Palestinian people.


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