Between 7 July 2014 and 26 August 2014, for almost 51 days, Israel launched a military offensive in the Gaza Strip codenamed "Operation Protective Edge" (OPE). The operation killed 2,251 Palestinians, the vast majority of them civilians, and of whom 299 were women and 551 were children. The operation also caused massive destruction to 18,000 homes and other civilian property, including hospitals and vital infrastructure.
Adalah, together with the Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, filed a series of complaints to the Israeli Military Advocate General (MAG) and the Israeli Attorney General (AG) demanding independent investigations into suspected violations of international humanitarian law (IHL), international human rights law (IHRL) and international criminal law (ICL) during the 2014 operation, and the criminal prosecutions of perpetrators.
 OCHA, "Key figures on the 2014" hostilities: gaza.ochaopt.org/2015/06/key-figures-on-the-2014-hostilities/. Four Palestinian NGOs that documented the impacts of OPE and verified the field research afterwards reported that 2,219 people were killed, of whom 299 were women and 556 children. See 'Operation Protective Edge in Numbers', available online at http://mezan.org/en/post/21255, page 15.