In September 2005, Israel completed its unilateral 'disengagement' plan; it evacuated the Israeli settlements that had been built - in violation of international law - during the almost 40 years of occupation, and withdrew the Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) from within the Gaza Strip.
The Israeli government then claimed that the implementation of this 'disengagement' plan would 'invalidate the claims against Israel regarding its responsibility for Palestinians within the Gaza Strip'.
Since then, the State Attorney's Office has also argued that, with the termination of the military government of the Gaza Strip, Israel has no obligations whatsoever towards the citizens of Gaza, who should now direct their claims to the Palestinian Authority (PA).
However, both legal and factual accounts have indicated to the contrary.
As Al Mezan and other human rights organizations continue to assert, Israel has retained full control over Gaza, and hence its illegal occupation.
The military control of Gaza has simply changed forms; while Gaza was once controlled from within the Strip, it is now controlled from around it, through its borders, airspace, and sea space â€“ as well as by frequent incursions.
In its continued occupation of Gaza, the Israeli government and armed forces have repeatedly and routinely violated both international humanitarian law and the non-derogable human rights of the 1.
4 million residents of Gaza.
The almost continued closure of Rafah Crossing Point (RCP) is one of the most insidious examples of this, and, as one of the biggest disappointments following the 'disengagement', is the focus of this study.