Thursday, 15 of May 2008, marks the 59th anniversary of the Palestinian Nakba (Catastrophe).
The Nakba Day comes this year as the Palestinian people lives under conditions that renew their original Catastrophe in 1948, when one of the largest processes of ethnic cleansing against them occurred at the hands of Israel.
This occasion comes with the Palestinian people is living deeper injustice and persecution.
Sixty years have already passed while the Palestinian people have still been deprived from their right to self-determination, and as Palestinian refugees still have been deprived of their right to return to their land and homes, or to compensation according to UN General Assembly Resolution 194.
The occasion comes under unprecedented escalation by Israel of its aggression and collective punishment in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT).
The sixtieth anniversary of the Nakba comes while Israel's Occupation Forces (IOF) continues to construct the Apartheid Wall in the West Bank, imposes a brutal blockade on the Gaza Strip, and escalates the acts of murder, which has reached peak levels in 2008.
These major, flagrant violations of international law occur under international endurance of Israel's conducts, including those that mount war crimes and crimes against humanity.
The humanitarian and human rights conditions have greatly deteriorated due to the continued Israeli blockade of Gaza; a measure that severely inflects upon the various aspects of life as well as on people's dignity.
The siege has caused a drastic breakdown in the Palestinian economy and increased the rates of poverty and unemployment, rendering the vast majority of the population (now over 80%) dependent on international aid.
The blockade has also severely affected most of the public and private service facilities in Gaza, including those of the education, health, labor, agriculture, construction, commerce, communication and transportation sectors.
It has also affected negatively the work of the formal and non-governmental organizations, as well as international humanitarian and relief agencies.
Consequently, urgent humanitarian aid is threatened to stop at any time.
According to Al Mezan's statistics, since the start of the current Intifada in September 2000, the IOF has destroyed 7,652 homes (3,017 completely), leaving 25,855 Palestinians homeless.
It has also bulldozed 33,273 dunams of agricultural land, destroyed 377 public facilities, 898 privately owned industrial and commercial establishments, and 647 vehicles.
Furthermore, IOF has killed 3,123 Palestinians, including 615 children.
Since the start of 2008, 332 Palestinians were killed by IOF in the Gaza Strip alone.
Currently, Al Mezan's monitoring of the situation shows the devastating impacts of the lack of fuel, which threatens to bring about tougher effects on people's lives and welfare.
The construction of the Apartheid Wall by Israel, which was condemned by the International Court of Justice as a breach of international law in 2004, has continued with devastating implications on Palestinians life and livelihood in the occupied West Bank.
Thousands of Palestinian families have been evicted forcibly from the areas designated for the wall's route, as is the case of the villages and towns adjacent to Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Qalqilya and Tulkarem.
The Wall splits these areas and prevents their natural urban expansion and development.
Thousands of dunams of cultivated lands in these areas have been damaged as land owners have been denied access to it by the IOF.
The construction of the wall has resulted with direct gross violations of the human rights of citizens who live in the areas surrounded by the Wall.
Al Mezan condemns the ongoing Israeli conducts as grave breaches of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) that mount to the level of war crimes and crimes against humanity, and engender systematic violations by Israel of its own obligations under IHL.
The Center also condemns IOF's continued violations of human rights in OPT.
Given the inherently recognized international responsibility for the Palestine Question, Al Mezan calls on international community to quit its silence and urgently intervene to provide protection for the Palestinian civilians and act promptly to lift the Israeli blockade of OPT; especially the Gaza Strip.
It also calls upon the international community to uphold its legal and moral responsibilities under international law by bringing to an end the construction of the Wall as a first step towards the implementation of the UN resolutions concerning the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people, particularly the right to self-determination and right of refugees' to return or be compensated.